They were informally called the “Hapsburg group,” a misspelled reference to the monarchy that ruled parts of central Europe through World War I.
Under that umbrella, former European heads of state were secretly paid more than 2 million euros ($2.4 million) by Donald Trump’s former campaign manager, Paul Manafort, to aid lobbying for Ukraine, according to a superseding indictment filed against Manafort Feb. 23 by U.S. Special Counsel Robert Mueller.
While none of the former leaders is named in the indictment, other documents lead to Romano Prodi, former prime minister of Italy; Alfred Gusenbauer, former chancellor of Austria; and Aleksander Kwasniewski, former president of Poland. In interviews or statements Saturday, all denied being paid by Manafort. Prodi and Gusenbauer said they advocated for better relations between Ukraine and the European Union before a 2014 uprising.
Gusenbauer told the BBC that he had visited with members of Congress in 2013, part of a “noble” effort to bring Ukraine closer to the EU. He said he understood he was paid for his efforts by a U.S. company but not by Manafort or President Viktor Yanukovych’s government.
Kwasniewski, the former Poland president, told the New York Times that he had met Manafort several times during a mission to Ukraine in 2012 or 2013. “He was an adviser to President Yanukovych, whom I also met, and it was only natural our paths had to cross a couple of times.”
“He never paid us,” Kwasniewski told the newspaper. “I never had any financial relationship with him, and I never heard of the Hapsburg Group.”
The new indictment of Manafort was released the same day Manafort’s longtime deputy, Rick Gates, pleaded guilty to charges of conspiracy and false statements as part of Mueller’s sweeping probe of Russian meddling in the 2016 U.S. presidential election. Both were initially charged in October with a scheme to launder money they made while working as unregistered foreign agents on behalf of Ukraine and Yanukovych.
Mueller has increased pressure on the two men, adding additional tax and bank fraud charges against them on Thursday. A day later, Gates admitted in part that he helped Manafort coordinate the “Hapsburg group” on Ukraine’s behalf.
Manafort continues to maintain his innocence. A legendary Republican political fixer, he explained in a June 2012 “Eyes Only” memo that the purpose of the “Super VIP” effort would be to “assemble a small group of high-level European influencial (sic) champions and politically credible friends who can act informally and without any visible relationship with the Government of Ukraine,” according to the indictment.
The group was managed by a former European chancellor, identified as foreign politician A, in coordination with Manafort, who explained that a nongovernmental agency would be created to retain the group but “at our quiet direction,” the indictment says. In 2013, politician A and other former European politicians lobbied i
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