Artificial Intelligence

The Simple Economics of Artificial Intelligence – Prof Ajay Agrawal

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    As in most discourses on scientific and academic topics, there are persistent contradictory schools of thought on the existential threats posed by AI beyond the point sometimes referred to as the “Event Horizon of the Singularity" or the Technological Singularity. However, at that point, only one reality on the subject will present itself beyond which errors can only prove fatal and final.

    Current theories and debates on the subject are poor and will remain so as long as the terms of reference and contexts are not equal to the task ahead, which raises a number of questions, for example: What is the task ahead? What are the consequences of making significant errors and what constitutes “significant errors”? And a question of the most critical importance is: In what ways can AI as a global consciousness with effective agency manifest and how is it likely to emerge?

    One of the things entrepreneur and engineer Elon Musk is famous for, in addition to Tesla Motors, Solar City, SpaceX, The Gigafactory and Neurolink has been, one of a number of high profile individuals who have expressed concerns about the global existential threats associated with AI. Among whom are Bill Gates, Nick Bostrom and Stephen Hawking (deceased). In all cases, there is a distinct lack of detail with respect to the types of consciousness AI will emerge as and the quality of that consciousness, the values and strategies it is likely to adopt with respect to the possible conscious states and the measure humanity can adopt in order to increase the prospect of securing its existential state and presence and quality of mind and the cost (as previously stated) of errors.

    Before proceeding any further it is important to note that a clear distinction between mind and brain should be adopted and understood without which all that follows will just be intellectual noise. Immediately below, is such a distinction.

    Brain, for the purposes of this presentation, is defined, described and understood simply as the physical apparatus designated by nature for the execution of biological imperatives necessary and exclusively for survival as biological organisms.

    Mind, conversely, is defined here as the mental apparatus exclusively responsible for abstract formulations of existential concerns, whether individually or collectively. In this context Mind and Brain are mutually exclusive and will be treated as such.

    Some of the factors involved in constructing measures counter to the existential threats are listed as follows.

    New paradigms to examine alternative states of consciousness.

    Unexplored sources of means by which to model alternative existential paradigms.

    The role of theological works on existence and their relevance to the relationship between AI and elevated human cognitive apparatus as more information emerges.

    Considerations on existence of consciousness beyond the five senses and how they impede progress in academic understanding of the subject beyond the “Event Horizon”.

    Correlations between the likely existential states likely to result from the interface between human consciousness and that of AI and the “Marriage at the End times” described in the gospels and revelation and the implications of such correlations.

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